Joshua Bowen: Slavery in the Biblical Period

Joshua Bowen, Did the Old Testament Endorse Slavery? (Mechanicsville, MD: Digital Hammurabi Press, 2020), 196-197. Slavery was not endorsed arbitrarily, as it was part of a common economic system that existed in ancient Israel and in the wider ancient Near East long before the biblical period. Both debt-slavery and chattel-slavery were also part of the... Continue Reading →

David Luckensmeyer: Identifying Our Assumptions

David Luckensmeyer, The Eschatology of First Thessalonians (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2009), 10. All scholars who take the text of the NT seriously must attempt (at least) to identify the assumptions and preunderstandings they bring to a text. Exegesis without presuppositions is an impossibility. The problem then is not the starting point of a particular preunderstanding.... Continue Reading →

Yale Bible Study on First Isaiah

Those readers acquainted with biblical scholarship know that there is a general consensus that the book of Isaiah was not entirely penned by the eighth century BCE prophet. That the book underwent some kind of editing is virtually undisputed. For example, chs. 36-39 contain material lifted directly from the Deuteronomistic History (i.e. 2 Kings 18-20),... Continue Reading →

Martinus C. de Boer: Angels and Demons

Martinus C. de Boer, Paul, Theologian of God’s Apocalypse: Essays on Paul and Apocalyptic (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2020), 22. The story of [the] angelic fall is found or alluded to in much of the literature (1 En. 6-19; 64:1-2; 69:4-5; 86:1-6; 106:13-17; Jub. 4:15, 22; 5:1-8; 10:4-5; T. Reub. 5:6-7; T. Naph. 3:5; CD 2:17-3:1; 2... Continue Reading →

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