Tim Bayne: Why Should Soul-Making Be Necessary?

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 68. Even if advocates of the soul-making theodicy can show that the benefits of soul-making are absorbed by the badness of the evils that give rise to them, one might ask why soul-making is necessary in the first place. Perhaps we must be exposed to... Continue Reading →

Tim Bayne: Divine Hiddenness

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 52-53. Religious writers have long puzzled over the reasons for God's silence, but Nietzsche regarded the silence of God as something more than a pastoral challenge: he saw it as an objection to the very reasonableness of religious belief. Assuming - as theists... Continue Reading →

Tim Bayne: Can We Explain Fine-Tuning?

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 37-38. Let us grant then that the fine-tuning facts require explanation. Can science provide the necessary explanation? Many physicists and philosophers argue that it can. The most influential response here appeals to the 'many worlds' or 'multiverse' hypothesis. The basic idea is this.... Continue Reading →

Tim Bayne: An Objection to Atemporalism

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 21. A second objection to atemporalism is rather more serious. The objection in question is that atemporalism is difficult to reconcile with the claim that God is personal. As the philosopher Grace Jantzen has put it, 'A timeless and immutable God could not... Continue Reading →

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