Category: Philosophers

Tim Crane: Are False Beliefs Irrational?

Tim Crane, The Meaning of Belief: Religion from an Atheist’s Point of View (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017), 149-150. I will say that someone can have a reason for believing something even if this belief is, in fact, not true. Pre-Copernican astronomers had reasons… Continue Reading “Tim Crane: Are False Beliefs Irrational?”

Tim Crane: Religion and Violence

Tim Crane, The Meaning of Belief: Religion from an Atheist’s Point of View (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017), 123-124. Given the violence at the heart of the monotheistic religions, it is perhaps not surprising that critics of religion should see its propensity to cause violence… Continue Reading “Tim Crane: Religion and Violence”

Tim Bayne: Why Should Soul-Making Be Necessary?

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 68. Even if advocates of the soul-making theodicy can show that the benefits of soul-making are absorbed by the badness of the evils that give rise to them, one might ask why… Continue Reading “Tim Bayne: Why Should Soul-Making Be Necessary?”

Tim Crane: Atheism and Agnosticism Don’t Offer Positive Doctrines

Tim Crane, The Meaning of Belief: Religion from an Atheist’s Point of View (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017), 20-21. Atheism and agnosticism are genuinely distinct positions. Neither of them, however, offers any positive substantial doctrines about what the world is like or how we… Continue Reading “Tim Crane: Atheism and Agnosticism Don’t Offer Positive Doctrines”

Tim Bayne: Divine Hiddenness

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 52-53. Religious writers have long puzzled over the reasons for God’s silence, but Nietzsche regarded the silence of God as something more than a pastoral challenge: he saw it as an objection… Continue Reading “Tim Bayne: Divine Hiddenness”

Tim Bayne: Can We Explain Fine-Tuning?

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 37-38. Let us grant then that the fine-tuning facts require explanation. Can science provide the necessary explanation? Many physicists and philosophers argue that it can. The most influential response here appeals to… Continue Reading “Tim Bayne: Can We Explain Fine-Tuning?”

Tim Bayne: An Objection to Atemporalism

Tim Bayne, Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2018), 21. A second objection to atemporalism is rather more serious. The objection in question is that atemporalism is difficult to reconcile with the claim that God is personal. As the philosopher Grace… Continue Reading “Tim Bayne: An Objection to Atemporalism”